V-J day 15 August

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Princess Elizabeth, Queen Elizabeth, King George VI & Princess Margaret at Buckingham Palace marking VJ-Day 15 august 1945

Victory over Japan Day (also known as Victory in the Pacific Day, V-J Day, or V-P Day) is the day on which the Empire of Japan surrendered in World War II, in effect ending the war. The term has been applied to both of the days on which the initial announcement of Japan’s surrender was made – to the afternoon of August 15, 1945, in Japan, and, because of time zone differences, to August 14, 1945 (when it was announced in the United States and the rest of the Americas and Eastern Pacific Islands) – as well as to September 2, 1945, when the signing of the surrender document occurred, officially ending World War II.
August 15 is the official V-J Day for the UK, while the official U.S. commemoration is September 2. The name, V-J Day, had been selected by the Allies after they named V-E Day for the victory in Europe.
On September 2, 1945, a formal surrender ceremony was performed in Tokyo Bay, Japan, aboard the battleship USS Missouri. In Japan, August 15 usually is known as the “memorial day for the end of the war” the official name for the day, however, is “the day for mourning of war dead and praying for peace” . This official name was adopted in 1982 by an ordinance issued by the Japanese government.

Japan’s devastating surprise aerial attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor on Oahu, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941, capped a decade of deteriorating relations between Japan and the United States and led to an immediate U.S. declaration of war the following day. Japan’s ally Germany, led by Adolf Hitler, then declared war on the United States, turning the war raging in Europe into a truly global conflict. Over the next three years, superior technology and productivity allowed the Allies to wage an increasingly one-sided war against Japan in the Pacific, inflicting enormous casualties while suffering relatively few. By 1945, in an attempt to break Japanese resistance before a land invasion became necessary, the Allies were consistently bombarding Japan from air and sea, dropping some 100,000 tons of explosives on more than 60 Japanese cities and towns between March and July 1945 alone.

The Potsdam Declaration, issued by Allied leaders on July 26, 1945, called on Japan to surrender; if it did, it was promised a peaceful government according to “the freely expressed will of the Japanese people.” If it did not, it would face “prompt and utter destruction.” The embattled Japanese government in Tokyo refused to surrender, and on August 6 the American B-29 plane Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima, killing more than 70,000 people and destroying a 5-square-mile expanse of the city. Three days later, the United States dropped a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, killing another 40,000. The following day, the Japanese government issued a statement accepting the terms of the Potsdam Declaration. In a radio address in the early afternoon of August 15 (August 14 in the United States), Emperor Hirohito urged his people to accept the surrender, blaming the use of the “new and most cruel bomb” on Hiroshima and Nagasaki for the country’s defeat. “Should we continue to fight,” Hirohito declared, “it would not only result in the ultimate collapse and obliteration of the Japanese nation but would also lead to the total extinction of human civilization.”

Princess Josephine & Prince Vincent – First day at School

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It was a big day for the Crown Prince couple’s youngest children, the twins Prince Vincent and Princess Josephine. They started in 0th grade at the municipal primary school Tranegårdsskolen where their older siblings already go.

Traditionally, the twins met the press in front of Frederik 8’s Palace before heading to school . It was clear that the six and a half-year-old Josephine, who held her father’s hand when they came out, was very excited to attend school, while her brother Vincent was a bit more overwhelmed by the situation.

Hand in hand with his mother Prince Vincent stepped out in front of the wide range of press and ordinary curious Danes who had stuck together outside the Palace. And it was probably why the otherwise happy and smiling prince Vincent was a bit shy. For the most part of the good four-minute seance with the press, the six-year-old prince Vincent stood close to his mother and let her sister answer questions from the press.

At the brief meeting, Crown Princess Mary confirmed that the twins, as otherwise have followed in thick and thin, should instead go in their own class.

“I’ll go in A and Vincent will go in B,” little Josephine told the press.

Crown Prince Frederik elaborated on the decision to separate the twins with the grounds that they as parents had considered it best for the children.

“They are each other’s best friends and can see each other in the breaks and at home. But we thought they should have some new friends, “said the Crown Prince.

Both parents did not hide from the fact that it was also a big day for them to send the youngest to the children’s school at school.

“It feels good. It is the right way. It’s always exciting, and that’s what you want for your children, “said Frederik, to which Mary quickly replied:

“But mother here is having a hard time….”

Royal wedding: Malaysia princess and Dutchman Dennis

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The daughter of one of Malaysia’s most powerful sultans married her Dutch fiance on Monday in a ceremony steeped in centuries of tradition during a day of lavish celebrations.

Princess Tunku Tun Aminah Sultan Ibrahim, 31, the only daughter of the Sultan of Johor, tied the knot with Dennis Muhammad Abdullah, 28, capping a romance of over three years.

Dennis who has converted to Islam, wed the princess according to Muslim Malay custom at the Serene Hill Palace, the royal family’s residence in the southern city of Johor Bahru. The private ceremony was attended by close family and friends.

The groom wore traditional white Malay wedding attire and the bride wore a white dress. Dennis Muhammad placed the wedding ring on Tunku Aminah’s finger in a special room in the palace, according to the royal press office.

In keeping with centuries-old wedding customs in the Muslim-majority southern state of Johor, he also gave her a dowry of 22.50 Malaysian ringgit (Dh19). The couple also kissed the hands of their parents, aunts and uncles as a mark of respect.

The Dutchman, who now works for a property development company in Johor, was born Dennis Verbaas and adopted a Muslim name when he converted to Islam in 2015.

Johor’s royal family is rich and powerful and possesses its own private army – the only state to have one.

Malaysia has a unique arrangement in which the throne of the Muslim-majority country changes hands every five years between the rulers of the nine states which are still headed by Islamic royalty.

The current king is Sultan Muhammad V, from the conservative Islamic northern state of Kelantan, who steps down in 2021.

Prince Henrik of Denmark admitted to hospital

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In a short press release from Kongehuset in Denmark , it is announced that Prince Henrik is now back in Denmark and admitted to Rikshospitalet due to pain in his rigth leg after an operation he underwent in mid July.
According to the Kongehuset in Denmark, it is currently uncertain how long Prince Henrik will be admitted to Rikshospitalet.
Prince Henrik was recovering in France and last week Queen Margrethe joined him. Now it seems the prince back in Denmark

#OTD 14 August 1297 Emperor Hanazono was born

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Emperor Hanazono (August 14, 1297 – December 2, 1348) was the 95th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1308 through 1318.

Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (his imina) was Tomihito-shinnō.
He was the fourth son of the 92nd Emperor, Fushimi. He belonged to the Jimyōin-tō branch of the Imperial Family.

Tomihito-shinnō became emperor upon the abdication of his second cousin, the Daikakuji-tō Emperor Go-Nijō.
Tokuji 3, in the 8th month (1308): In the 8th year of Go-Nijo-tennō’s reign, the emperor died at the young age of 24; and the succession (senso) was received by his cousin. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Hanazono is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).
Tokuji 3, in the 10th month (1308): The nengō was changed to Enkyō to mark the accession of Emperor Hanazono.
Hanazono’s father, the retired-Emperor Fushimi, and Hanazono’s brother, the retired-Emperor Go-Fushimi, both exerted influence as cloistered emperors during this reign.
In these years, negotiations between the Bakufu and the two imperial lines resulted in an agreement to alternate the throne between the two lines every 10 years (the Bumpō Agreement). This agreement was not long-lasting. The negotiated provisions would soon broken by Hanazono’s successor.
In 1318, he abdicated to his second cousin, the Daikakuji-tō Emperor Go-Daigo, who was Nijō’s brother.
After his abdication, he raised his nephew, the future Northern Pretender Emperor Kōgon.

In 1335, he became a Buddhist monk of the Zen sect, and under his sponsorship, his palace became the temple of Myōshin-ji, now the largest network in Rinzai Buddhism. Many places and institutions in the area are named for him, including Hanazono University (the Rinzai university) and Hanazono Station.
He died in 1348. Hanazono’s imperial tomb is known as Jurakuin no ue no misasagi; it is located in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto.
He excelled at waka composition, and was an important member of the Kyōgoku School. He also left behind a diary, called Hanazono-in-Minki (Imperial Chronicles of the Flower Garden Temple or Hanazono-in) . He was a very religious and literate person, never missing his prayers to the Amitabha Buddha.

Kugyō is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court’s actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

Frederick William I of Prussia

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Frederick William I (14 August 1688 – 31 May 1740), known as the ‘Soldier King,’ was the King in Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg from 1713 until his death, as well as the father of Frederick the Great. He was in personal union the sovereign prince of the Principality of Neuchâtel.

He was born in Berlin to Frederick I of Prussia and Sophia Charlotte of Hanover. During his first years, he was raised by the Huguenot governess Marthe de Roucoulle.
His father had successfully acquired the title King for the margraves of Brandenburg. On ascending the throne in 1713 the new King sold most of his fathers’ horses, jewels and furniture; he did not intend to treat the treasury as his personal source of revenue the way Frederick I and many of the other German Princes had. Throughout his reign, Frederick William was characterized by his frugal, austere and militaristic lifestyle, as well as his devout Calvinist faith.
Frederick William I did much to centralize and improve Prussia, both economically and militarily. He replaced mandatory military service among the middle class with an annual tax, established schools and hospitals, and resettled East Prussia (which had been devastated by the plague in 1709).
The king encouraged farming, reclaimed marshes, stored grain in good times and sold it in bad times. He dictated the manual of Regulations for State Officials, containing 35 chapters and 297 paragraphs in which every public servant in Prussia could find his duties precisely set out: a minister or councillor failing to attend a committee meeting, for example, would lose six months’ pay; if he absented himself a second time, he would be discharged from the royal service.
In short, Frederick William I concerned himself with every aspect of his relatively small country, planning to satisfy all that was needed for Prussia to defend itself. His rule was absolutist and he was a firm autocrat. He practiced rigid, frugal economy, never started a war, and led a simple and austere lifestyle, in contrast to the lavish court his father had presided over. At his death, there was a large surplus in the royal treasury (which was kept in the cellar of the royal palace). He intervened briefly in the Great Northern War in order to gain a portion of Swedish Pomerania. More significantly, aided by his close friend Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Dessau, the “Soldier-King” made considerable reforms to the Prussian army’s training, tactics and conscription program—introducing the canton system, and greatly increasing the Prussian infantry’s rate of fire through the introduction of the iron ramrod. Frederick William’s reforms left his son Frederick with the most formidable army in Europe, which Frederick used to increase Prussia’s power. The observation that “the pen is mightier than the sword” has sometimes been attributed to him. Although a highly effective ruler, Frederick William had a perpetually short temper which sometimes drove him to physically attack servants (or even his own children) with a cane at the slightest provocation. His violent, harsh nature was further exacerbated by his inherited porphyritic illness, which gave him gout, obesity and frequent crippling stomach pains. He also had a notable contempt for France, and would sometimes fly into a rage at the mere mention of that country, although this did not stop him from encouraging the immigration of French Huguenot refugees to Prussia.

Frederick William died in 1740 at age 51 and was interred at the Garrison Church in Potsdam. During World War II, in order to protect it from advancing allied forces, Hitler ordered the king’s coffin, as well as those of Frederick the Great and Paul von Hindenburg, into hiding, first to Berlin and later to a salt mine outside of Bernterode. The coffins were later discovered by occupying American Forces, who re-interred the bodies in St. Elisabeth’s Church in Marburg in 1946. In 1953 the coffin was moved to Burg Hohenzollern, where it remained until 1991, when it was finally laid to rest on the steps of the altar in the Kaiser Friedrich Mausoleum in the Church of Peace on the palace grounds of Sanssouci. The original black marble sarcophagus collapsed at Burg Hohenzollern—the current one is a copper copy.

His eldest surviving son was Frederick II (Fritz), born in 1712. Frederick William wanted him to become a fine soldier. As a small child, Fritz was awakened each morning by the firing of a cannon. At the age of 6, he was given his own regiment of children to drill as cadets, and a year later, he was given a miniature arsenal.
The love and affection Frederick William had for his heir initially was soon destroyed due to their increasingly different personalities. Frederick William ordered Fritz to undergo a minimal education, live a simple Protestant lifestyle, and focus on the Army and statesmanship as he had. However, the intellectual Fritz was more interested in music, books and French culture, which were forbidden by his father as decadent and unmanly. As Fritz’s defiance for his father’s rules increased, Frederick William would frequently beat or humiliate Fritz (he preferred his younger sibling Augustus William). Fritz was beaten for being thrown off a bolting horse and wearing gloves in cold weather. After the prince attempted to flee to England with his tutor, Hans Hermann von Katte, the enraged King had Katte beheaded before the eyes of the prince, who himself was court-martialled. The court declared itself not competent in this case. Whether it was the king’s intention to have his son executed as well (as Voltaire claims) is not clear. However, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI intervened, claiming that a prince could only be tried by the Imperial Diet of the Holy Roman Empire itself. Frederick was imprisoned in the Fortress of Küstrin from 2 September to 19 November 1731 and exiled from court until February 1732, during which time he was rigorously schooled in matters of state. After achieving a measure of reconciliation, Frederick William had his son married to Princess Elizabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, whom Frederick despised, but then allowed him to indulge in his musical and literary interests again. By the time of Frederick William’s death in 1740, he and Frederick were on at least reasonable terms with each other.
Although the relationship between Frederick William and Frederick was clearly hostile, Frederick himself later wrote that his father “penetrated and understood great objectives, and knew the best interests of his country better than any minister or general.”

Frederick William married his first cousin Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, George II’s younger sister (daughter of his uncle, King George I of Great Britain and Sophia Dorothea of Celle) on 28 November 1706. Frederick William was faithful and loving to his wife but they did not have a happy relationship: Sophia Dorothea feared his unpredictable temper and resented him, both for allowing her no influence at court and for refusing to marry her children to their English cousins. She also abhorred his cruelty towards their son and heir Frederick (with whom she was close), although rather than trying to mend the relationship between father and son she frequently spurred Frederick on in his defiance. They had fourteen children.

 

The Army heroes of Prince Harry ( Dutch TV)

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Walking with the Wounded South Pole Allied Challenge

Four English disabled soldiers are followed in the documentary series ‘The Prince Harry Army Heroes’. After a months of training, they make a 200 kilometer long journey through Antarctica under the ‘Walking with the wounded’ event. For mental support, the British prince Harry .He felt a “frozen chicken” on his journey. In his team Kate Philp, who lost her right leg in Afghanistan; Ibrar Ibi Ali and Guy Disney, who lost in the same country, respectively, an arm and a foot; And Duncan Slater, who lost both legs in Iraq.
Wednesday Dutch TV RTL Z 20.30

Prince Sébastien graduate at Sandhurst

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© Cour grand-ducale / Lola Velasco

The grand-ducal family has participated in the traditional ceremony of the Military Academy in Sandhurst, in the south of London. The 25 year-old Prince Sébastien has graduated from Sandhurst, where the prince was since September 2016.

The Grand Duke and the Grand Duchess, the hereditary grand-ducal couple also prince Félix and Princess Claire, as well as the prince Louis and Princess Alexandra did not abandon this important moment in the life of Prince Sébastien.

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Crown Prince Hussein the eldest child of Rania and King Abdullah of Jordan also has just completed his officer training at the prestigious military academy in Surrey.

 

Royal Doulton: Prince William & Catherine Engagement Plate

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Royal Doulton: Prince William & Catherine Engagement Plate
The Engagement of

Prince William & Catherine Middleton

Royal Doulton

Plate

November 16, 2010

8″ Diameter

Royal Doulton plate commemorating the engagement of Prince William to Catherine Middleton on November 16, 2010.

Backstamped:

<Lion Wearing Crown>

CW

<Floral Wreath>

To Celebrate

the

Engagement

of

William

&

Catherine

Bone China

Royal Doulton® is a registered trademark

Image © AP

© WWRD 2010

For Display Purposes Only

Not For Food Use

Prince William and Kate Middleton Jeweled collector plate, Bradford Exchange

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With the famous 12-carat blue sapphire heirloom engagement ring proudly displayed on Kate’s finger, the royal couple Prince William and Kate Middleton beamed with joy after announcing their engagement. Celebrate the couple’s royal romance with the Royal Union Collector Plate Collection, available exclusively from The Bradford Exchange. Your collection begins with Issue One, A Royal Engagement, showcasing the royal couple on the day of their engagement announcement – November 16, 2010.

 

This exclusive collectible Prince William and Kate Middleton Royal Union plate collection from The Bradford Exchange features:
Celebrate the royal couple and their exciting new life together with the Prince William and Kate Middleton Royal Union plate collection, available exclusively from The Bradford Exchange
Each collector plate in the collection features a full-colour image of Prince William and Kate Middleton on the day of their engagement announcement, their wedding day and more
Handcrafted of lustrous Heirloom Porcelain® for lasting beauty

Hand-numbered